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56 Years of Haryana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana’s illustrious history | INFOCOTE

56 Years of Haryana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana's illustrious history | INFOCOTE

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56 Years of Haryana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana’s illustrious history | INFOCOTE

Regarding Haryana

56 YEARS OF HARYANA on HARYANA DAY on 1st November 2022


When you hear the term Haryana, you immediately think of a state that miraculously blends both antiquity and abundance. Haryana, a Vedic region, has served as the birthplace of Indian culture and civilization. Indian mythology views this area as the “northern altar’s matrix of creation,” where Brahma offered the perfect sacrifice and began the universe. Archaeological research done in 1915 by Guy E. Pilgrim, who determined that early man lived in the Haryana Shivaliks 15 million years ago, has largely validated this hypothesis of creation. According to the Vamana Purana, King Kuru regained a region of seven Kosas by ploughing the battlefield of Kurukshetra with a golden ploughshare driven by Lord Shiva’s Nandi. Haryana’s history is rich with myths, stories, and connections to the Vedas. The holy Ved Vyas penned the Mahabharata on this land. Lord Krishna gave Arjuna this advice 5,000 years ago as they prepared for the Mahabharata’s great battle: “Your right is to execute your duty and not to worry about the fruits (Outcome) thereof! Since then, the notion that responsibility comes first has been adopted by future generations as a guiding principle.

#HARYANADAY #56thHaryanaDay #56yearsofHaryana

Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana's illustrious history!

Mahabharta

Haryana is described in the Mahabharata as the land of enormous wealth and a profusion of grains (Bahudhanyaka) (Bahudhana). Ten monarchs engaged in combat before the Mahabharata war in the Kurukshetra region. However, it was the Mahabharata, which was fought for the highest moral ideals, that brought the region international prominence thanks to Lord Krishna’s eloquent and erudite exposition of the sacred Bhagavadgita to Arjuna’s quivering ear.

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The area has seen several wars because it is known as “A Gateway to North India.” As the years passed, numerous waves of Huns, Turks, and Tughlaqs invaded India, and pivotal engagements were fought here. Tamur led an army through this region to Delhi towards the end of the fourteenth century. Later, in 1526, the Mughals overcame the Lodhis in the famous battle of Panipat. At this precise location, a crucial conflict took place in 1556 that solidified the Mughals’ dominance for decades to come. The Marathas had taken control of Haryana by the middle of the 18th century. Ahmed Shah Durrani’s invasion of India, which resulted in the Maratha ascendancy and the swift fall of the Mughal empire, finally paved the way for the establishment of British administration.

Indeed, the story of Haryana’s history is one of a proud, virulent, upright, and upright people struggling to achieve their goals. Due to their well-known qualities of bravery and heroism, the people of Haryana have taken the brunt of invasions and invading hordes since ancient times. They have endured numerous upheavals while continuing to uphold the historical magnificence and glory of the nation. The historical milestones, martyrs during the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, enormous sacrifices made throughout the struggle for freedom, and current acts of exceptional bravery, unwavering fortitude, and heroism are all in keeping with the nature of this land of action. The people of Haryana have created a bulwark against forces of invasion and anti-nationalism by being courageous in heart and deed.

Haryana has consistently been a meeting place for people of all races, cultures, and religions. They came together, merged, and formed into something uniquely Indian on this soil. The message of interconnectedness and unity has been propagated throughout the state of Haryana by Hindu saints and Sikh gurus. Another cultural hub in Haryana is Sihi, where the famous Hindi poet Surdas was born, and where the tale of Lord Krishna permeates every aspect of daily life. Haryanavis continue to consume a lot of milk and have a fondness for cattle, which helped the area gain international recognition.

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On November 1, 1966,

Haryana became a distinct State within the Indian Republic’s federal system. With less than 2% of India’s population and just 1.37% of the country’s total land area, Haryana has distinguished itself over the previous three decades. Whether it is in the fields of manufacturing, canal irrigation, or rural electrification, Haryana has made great strides toward modernity. It now has the rare distinction in India of having given all of its villages access to electricity, metal roads, and drinkable water in a record amount of time. With one of the highest per capita incomes, Haryana is one of India’s wealthiest states.

Data about Haryana

44,212 square kilometres
25,351,462 people
75.55% are literate.
22 districts
40 blocks
Communities: 7356

Concise Historian Information

State of Haryana, in north-central India. The states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand border it on the northwest, the union territory of Chandigarh on the north and northeast, the state of Uttar Pradesh and the union territory of Delhi on the east, and the state of Rajasthan borders it on the south and southwest. The capital of the Chandigarh union territory, as well as the states of Haryana and Punjab, is located in the city of Chandigarh.

As a result of the division of the previous state of Punjab into two independent states—Punjabi-speaking Punjab and Hindi-speaking Haryana—Haryana was created on November 1, 1966. Although the reorganisation complied with the Sikh community’s demands for a Punjabi suba (province) that speaks Punjabi, it also largely fulfilled the desires of those in the Hindi-speaking region of Punjab for a Vishal Haryana (Greater Haryana). The name Haryana, derived from the Hindu god Vishnu’s namesake Hari and the word for “home,” means “The Abode of God” (44,212 square km). Pop. (2011) 25,353,081.

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Land

Dispatch and drainage
The majority of the state is covered by a flat alluvial plain, while in the northeast is a strip of the heavily dissected Siwalik (Shiwalik) Range (including the narrow foothill zone). Parts of southern Haryana can clearly be seen to contain remnants of the Aravalli Range, which extends from southwest Rajasthan to Delhi.

The Yamuna, a perennial river that flows along the state’s eastern border, is the sole river that drains the alluvial plain, which is located at an elevation of 700 to 900 feet (210 to 270 metres). Nevertheless, a number of seasonal streams coming from the Siwalik Range travel through the region. The most prominent of these is the Ghaggar, which historically flowed far enough to join the Indus River in what is now Pakistan (close to the state’s northern border).

56 Years of Haryana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana’s illustrious history!

Soils

In general, Haryana’s soils are rich and productive. There are notable outliers, too, such as the eroded lands of Rajasthan’s Thar (Great Indian) Desert’s periphery and the sandy regions of the southwest. The majority of the state’s land is arable, but irrigation is often necessary.

Climate

In May and June, highs may exceed 110 °F (43 °C), and in January, the coldest month, lows may fall below the freezing point. Haryana has a scorching summer and a noticeably chilly winter.
Only in the northeast are conditions somewhat humid; the majority of the state suffers arid to semiarid weather. The majority of the year’s precipitation, or 18 inches (450 mm), falls between July and September. Although the state has a system of canal irrigation and tube wells, there are still some areas that are frequently subject to drought, especially in the south and southwest. On the other hand, there are sporadic floods that affect the regions along the Yamuna and Ghaggar’s tributaries.

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Animal and plant life

In Haryana, not much of the original vegetation survives. In wastelands and alongside motorways, eucalyptus trees are planted. In the northern half of the state, shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) trees are seen growing beside highways and canals, whilst small, spiky kikar (Acacia arabica) trees and scrub can be found in southern and southwestern Haryana.

Many different mammals can be found in Haryana. Larger species are typically restricted to the hilly areas of the northeast and far south, including leopards, jackals, wild boars, and many varieties of deer, among others. The plains are home to many small creatures, including bats, squirrels, mice, rats, and gerbils. Near rivers, several kinds of ducks and teals can be seen. In the agricultural areas, you can often see pigeons and doves as well as little, bright birds like parakeets, buntings, sunbirds, bulbuls, and kingfishers. The state is home to a variety of snake species, including dangerous kraits and vipers, pythons, boas, and rat snakes. Haryana is also home to other reptiles, such as different lizards, frogs, and tortoises.

56 Years of Haryana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana's illustrious history | INFOCOTE
56 Years of Haryana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana’s illustrious history | INFOCOTE

People of Haryana

Population structure


The vast majority of people in Haryana are Hindus. There is a little community of Christians as well as a small but considerable minority of Sikhs and Muslims. Muslims are mainly found in the southeastern areas close to Delhi, whereas Sikhs are primarily found in the northeast and northwest of the state. The Jats, a caste of peasants, are the foundation of Haryana’s agricultural economy. They play a significant role in India’s military as well.

Patterns of settlement

In the early 21st century, over three-fourths of Haryana’s population lived in rural areas, but cities have continued to expand quickly as hubs for commerce, industry, and agriculture marketing. The biggest cities in the state include Karnal, Faridabad, Rohtak, Panipat, Hisar, and Sonipat. The majority of the state’s major urban centres are located in the eastern region, with the exceptions being Rohtak, which is located in central Haryana, and Hisar, which is located in the northwest.

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Economy

Agriculture

Haryana, a prosperous agricultural state, provides the Central Pool with significant amounts of wheat and rice (a national repository system of surplus food grain). Aside from these, the state also makes a sizable amount of cotton, rapeseed, mustard seed, pearl millet, chickpeas, sugarcane, sorghum, corn (maize), and potatoes. The northeastern region is known for its dairy cattle, buffaloes, and bullocks, which are employed as draught animals and for plough work.

The so-called Green Revolution, a global initiative started in the 1960s to reduce world hunger, is largely responsible for Haryana’s agricultural production. As a result of this effort, large investments in irrigation, fertilisers, and premium seeds have been made. Nearly two-fifths of the state’s workforce worked in agriculture at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Manufacturing

The growth of industries based on agriculture has been swift in Haryana. The production of farm equipment and the processing of cotton and sugar are two of these sectors’ most significant industries. Additionally, Haryana produces a wide range of consumer items, most notably bicycles, in addition to chemicals.

Transportation

Haryana has a long history of having good connections to neighbouring states and the rest of India. The state is traversed by a number of significant roads and railways that connect to Delhi, notably the old Grand Trunk Road and the main line of the Northern Railway. The majority of the largest towns and cities in Haryana are connected by state-owned bus service. A domestic airport in Chandigarh serves the state.

Administration and society

constitutional foundation

Like the majority of Indian states, Haryana’s administrative system is established under the national constitution of 1950. The head of state is the governor, who was chosen by the president of India. The governor receives assistance and counsel from the Council of Ministers, which is presided by by a chief minister and answerable to the state’s Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Members of Haryana’s unicameral legislature are typically chosen for terms of five years. The state and Punjab share a high court.

Each of Haryana’s six divisions is made up of a number of districts. Divisional commissioners are in charge of the divisions, while a deputy commissioner is in charge of each district. At the village level, the council (panchayat) system of self-government is in place.

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Welfare and health

All over Haryana, healthcare and medical services are provided by a network of district and subdivisional hospitals and primary health centres. All of the state’s villages have had access to clean drinking water since the early 1990s. Members of historically underprivileged communities can get loans and subsidies from the state government for commercial, industrial, and agricultural endeavours.

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Education

The state’s development agenda places a great importance on education, and both the public and private sectors have contributed significantly to the promotion of education at all levels. However, despite the fact that the state now has thousands of primary and secondary schools, many people, particularly rural women, were still illiterate in the early 21st century. The state has persisted in assisting kids from socially and economically disadvantaged homes to pursue education of all kinds in an effort to buck this trend.

In or close to the bigger towns and cities of Haryana, a number of universities and hundreds of smaller colleges provide postsecondary education. The National Dairy Research Institute, founded in 1923, is located in Karnal. Kurukshetra University, founded in 1956, and the National Institute of Technology, founded in 1963, are both located in Kurukshetra, in the northeastern region. Maharshi Dayanand University, founded in 1976 in Rohtak, is located in central Haryana. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, founded in 1970, and Guru Jambheshwar University of Science, along with The majority of the smaller institutions offer general education, and many of them are only open to women.

Societal culture

The cultural life of Haryana is a reflection of the seasonal rhythm of its agricultural economy as well as a rich heritage of customs and myths with roots in ancient India. People of all ages and all classes participate in the riotous spring holiday of Holi by dousing one another in coloured powder (or coloured powder combined with water). Due to the legend that Krishna gave the warrior Arjuna the Bhagavadgita’s teachings on the field of battle at Kurukshetra, Janmasthami, the birthday of Krishna (a manifestation of the god Vishnu), has special religious significance in Haryana (a part of the epic known as the Mahabharata). The state’s cultural life also includes celebrations in memory of various deities and saints, as well as cattle fairs that take place all across the state.

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Haryana is home to many well-known pilgrimage destinations. Thousands of devotees travel from all over India to Kurukshetra for the annual solar eclipse bathing ritual. In addition, Pehowa in north-central Haryana is a significant site for pilgrimage. It is regarded as the best location for performing propitiatory rites for ancestors since it is situated on the bank of the revered Sarasvati River, which is named after the Hindu goddess Sarasvati, who is associated with learning and the arts (shraddha). At Pehowa, rituals are also carried out to guarantee the redemption of the souls of persons who passed away unexpectedly or while still in bed.

Traditional Haryana family residences, or havelis, are distinguished by their distinctive architectural details, particularly their gates and podiums. The ornate entrances of these dwellings give Haryana’s lanes a medieval—and aesthetically pleasing—character, while the structures themselves have beautifully carved podiums that are used for various social and religious activities. The social standing of the haveli’s owner is shown by these podiums.

History of Haryana

The oldest written records of the Vedic religion, the Vedas, come from the region that is now known as Haryana. The Aryans, who arrived in the area from the north between 2000 and 1500 BCE, wrote these Sanskrit texts. Hinduism, which formed two different branches by the fourth century CE, is also thought to have originated in Haryana. Hinduism began to take on a recognisable form by the second century BCE.

Over the millennia, Haryana, which is located across the path of overland incursion into India, has seen various waves of migration; one famous invasion was led by Alexander the Great in 326 BCE. Additionally, the region has seen a number of pivotal wars in Indian history. The Battles of Panipat, which took place in 1526 when the Mughal leader Bbur defeated Ibrhm Lod and established Mughal rule in India, in 1556 when Afghan forces were routed by the army of the Mughal emperor Akbar, and in 1761 when Amad Shah Abdli soundly defeated the Marathas, paved the way for British rule in India, were among the most significant of these battles. The Battle of Karnal in 1739, in which Nder Shah of Persia struck the Mughal Empire, was also significant.

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In 1803, the British East India Company received the territory that is now the state of Haryana. It was moved to the British India’s North-Western Provinces in 1832, and Haryana joined Punjab in 1858. The awkwardness of the union between Punjab and Haryana, however, was mostly due to the linguistic and religious distinctions between the two regions: Punjab’s Punjabi-speaking Sikhs and Haryana’s Hindi-speaking Hindus. Lala Lajpat Rai, Asaf Ali, and Neki Ram Sharma, who served as the chairman of a committee to promote the idea of an autonomous state, were among the prominent figures in the Indian national movement who spearheaded the agitation for a separate state of Haryana in the early decades of the 20th century.

After the division of India and Indian independence in 1947, Haryana remained a part of Punjab, but the desire for separate states—supported by both Hindus and Sikhs—persisted unabatedly. The movement did pick up steam, peaking in intensity in the early 1960s. Finally, Haryana was divided from Punjab in 1966 to become the 17th state of India with the passing of the Punjab Reorganization Act (and in accordance with the earlier recommendations of the States Reorganization Commission).

Watch Video below by Parcham Classes on Map of Haryana and follow.

MAp of Harayana Happy Haryana Day on the 56th anniversary of Haryana’s illustrious history!


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